Nettle: an essential herb for the pharmacy of your home!

Nettle: an essential herb for the pharmacy of your home!


Nettle is one of the oldest and most valuable healing herbs. A nettle salad contains more iron than a beef steak and three times the amount of iron an equal quantity of spinach would have. In comparison to the French salad, Nettle contains 20 times more vitamin C, 15 times more calcium, 6 times more magnesium and 5 times more carotene- b.

Recently, ESCOP published a new monograph about the nettle.

ESCOP (European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy) is the most reliable organisation when it comes to evaluating the action, the fields of application and also the dangers and the possible side effects of healing plants. It is a coalition between 13 European scientific organisations of phytotherapy that aims to evaluate healing plants and publish reports on each and every one of them. Consequently, there is no question about the validity of the information below.

In January 2019, ESCOP published the analysis of the nettle as a healing herb that has previously been described as a hemodyalitic or hematoproductive. These characterizations not only referred to the actual blood but also to the “vital juice” itself or the vital force, the vital heat, the vital humidity etc. This is the reason why, in the past, some illnesses such as depression have been attributed to blood inefficiency or blood disorders. Medicinal historians report that nettle reinforced the “beginning of the blood” in the Aristotelean sense. Even today, we have come up with new models to explain illnesses, showing that nettle has historically been attributed with great healing properties.

ESCOP’s monograph now places the nettle in an array of properties that can be described with the following keywords:

  • Anti- inflammatory
  • Analgesic
  • Diuretic

“In vitro experiments with nettle leaves have shown its anti- inflammatory action. In vivo experiments with leaves or nettle extract on animals have shown anti-diabetic, liver-beneficial, diuretic, hypotensive, analgesic, and locally anaesthetic properties”.

This is interesting since for a long time, inflammations were attributed as an (underrated) harbinger of many other dangers or the cause of many illnesses.

The fields of application according to ESCOP are: arthritis, osteoarthritis, cystitis and it also helps with the treatment of cardiovascular diseases:

“The therapeutic indications are adjuvant in the symptomatic treatment of arthritis, arthrosis and/or rheumatic conditions and by enhancing renal elimination of water in inflammatory complaints of the lower urinary tract.”

“Controlled clinical studies with nettle leaf or herb demonstrated its use as adjuvant treatment of arthritis, arthrosis and/or rheumatic conditions and as a diuretic in patients with myocardial or chronic venous insufficiency”.

Nettle can also be used preemptively- as a blood purifier. From a phytotherapeutic standpoint it considered a plant suitable for the spring beauty care, for example combined with taraxaco and mint. Take one teaspoon of the mixture in a big cup with boiling water, strain it, and drink in small sips.

Nettle seed, the new superfood

Nettle seeds is the new superfood! It not only has a very high nutritional value but it also has a very pleasant taste.

Obidius suggested nettle seeds to be used as an aphrodisiac. They provide us with energy and liveliness, they fight fatigue and exhaustion and reduced performance. Because of their high concentration in protein they are suggested for use by athletes and vegans.

Why is nettle so healthy?

There are reasons why nettle has already been chosen as the medicinal plant of the year by the “Research group about the historical evolution of medicinal plants” of the university of Wurzburg since 1996. It has high nutritional value, it is a superfood, it has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory action. It is definitely not a parasite!

Nettle ranks among the top sources of vitamin during the spring. It is rich in vitamins A and C, Iron, Magnesium, pyridium and calcium. It contains double the quantity of vitamin C an orange has. Even when the proteins it contains are considered, it is more in quantity than in legume.

The secondary components of the plant are also important, like the flavonoids that are known for their antioxidant properties. Moreover, Nettle contains in its leaves a very drastic substance that slows the growth of bacteria.

100 grams of fresh nettle contain:


  • Calories: 48 kcal
  • Protein: 7,37 g
  • Fats: 0,61 g
  • Carbohydrates: 1,31 g
  • Water: 84,94 g
  • Natural fiber: 3,11 g
  • Inorganic substances: 2,26 g
  • Vitamin E: 0,80 mg
  • Folic acid: 30,00 mg
  • Vitamin B1: 0,20 mg
  • Vitamin B2: 0,15 mg
  • Vitamin B6: 0,16 mg
  • Vitamin C: 333,00 mg
  • Biotene: 0,50 mg
  • Carotene- b:2400 mg
  • Natrium: 80,00 mg
  • Calium: 475,00 mg
  • Magnesium: 80,00 mg
  • Calcium: 713,00 mg
  • Iron: 4,12 mg
  • Phosphorus: 138,00 mg
  • Copper: 240,00 mg
  • Zinc: 1,02 mg
  • Chloride salt: 150,00 mg
  • Fluoride: 80,00 mg
  • Iodine: 3,00 mg

Uses and Applications

-for ailments affecting the kidneys and the diuretic system: Nettle’s diuretic and anti-inflammatory action helps by removing microbes and bacteria and slows down the development of said inflammations. Therefore, nettle tea is a vital ally for the fight against kidney stones and ailments of the diuretic system.

-to treat prostate problems: In cases of benign hyperplasia, nettle root is highly beneficial. Its action is limited to soothing the pain and not the hyperplasia itself. The pain might retreat after taking the herb’s extract.

-for rheumatism: thanks to the acids the nettle contains there is an interesting reaction in cases of rheumatism and other inflammatory diseases of the joints. These acids have anti- inflammatory action.

For healthy skin and hair

Nettle benefits the hair and the skin. Nettle extract used as a lotion helps with the fight against zits, acne, eczema and can even limit the skin’s allergic reactions.

The roots of the plant can also be used. The roots are boiled in water and then the mixture is strained. This extract is mixed with vinegar from wine and used twice a week as a hair lotion. Hair products that are made from nettle also prevent hair loss.

Maria Treben suggests the use of nettle root extract and nettle tincture products for massaging the hairy areas of the head. She also comments on the incredible results for the hair’s health if they’re taken care of by a combination of nettle, burdock and birch. This mix yields promising results against hair loss, dandruff and even the way the hair looks.

Nettle oil can be used in the following ways:

  • Daily application on the forehead and chest enhances memory and blood circulation in general.
  • Nettle is rich in both iron and vitamin C. Nettle oil contributes to the strengthening of the hair (hair thickness increase), gives an exquisite shine to the hair, reduces dandruff, tackles hair loss and accelerates hair growth.
  • Nettle oil, just like the herb itself, is very potent for treating skin problems and it can also relieve the pain of arthritis and rheumatism.
  • Nettle oil is used in aromatherapy to treat and restore irritated, sensitive or worn skin.

Nettle oil can be used by itself or in combination with other carrier oils for even better results.

Carrier oils are suitable for face cleaning, via the method of oil cleansing, which does not disturb the hydrolipidic balance of the skin.

Carrier oils are necessary for aromatherapy, creating the “body” on which the essential oils are added.